Caring for the teeth and braces sufficiently can be difficult for kids, so understanding oral hygiene and potential dental issues that arise from poor oral care becomes more important than ever before during the period a child undergoes orthodontic treatment. Below are common issues that can arise while wearing braces but can easily be prevented by helping your child maintain a good oral hygiene routine.
Gingivitis is the result of plaque buildup on your teeth. Naturally, when food gets trapped in your gums, it can cause a buildup over time that results in gum inflammation. Braces make it very hard to properly clean the gum line, which can cause some kids to develop this unwanted condition. Using proper brushing techniques after every meal is the best way to avoid or reverse gingivitis while wearing braces.
Receding gum tissue that exposes the root of your teeth is the primary cause of tooth sensitivity. The nerves are exposed to every hot or cold item put in the mouth when the teeth are not protected by the gums or enamel, which ultimately causes discomfort or pain. Just like gingivitis, kids with braces are more likely to get tooth sensitivity because it is so hard to clean around the braces.
Demineralization occurs when food left on teeth comes in contact with bacteria, creating acid. This acid robs teeth of calcium and phosphate, causing decalcification. Kids with braces are more prone to decalcification because braces act as an excellent trap for food. These demineralization stains are usually permanent and can lead to cavities. You can avoid demineralization by brushing after every meal, flossing once a day, and cutting back on soda.
The main cause of bad breath is the accumulation of bacteria in the mouth. The more food particles left in your mouth, the more will bacteria continue to thrive on it. This leads to dental plaque which formed by colonizing bacteria trying to attach themselves to the smooth surface the tooth. Braces, wires, bands and retainers can add to the problems because they can trap food particles and make it difficult to brush or floss away plaque.
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